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Із 2014 року США надали Україні майже один мільярд доларів на безпекову допомогу – посол США

Із 2014 року США надали Україні майже один мільярд доларів на безпекову допомогу. Про це в ексклюзивному інтерв’ю спільному телепроектові Радіо Свобода і каналу «112 Україна» «Завтра» повідомила посол США в Україні Марі Йованович.

«Це, звичайно, включає обладнання, і ми часто зосереджуємося на цьому, і я думаю, що ми надаємо багато важливого обладнання, включно з приладами нічного бачення, радарами і так далі, які не лише покращують можливості, але також рятують життя українців».

Але, наголошує вона, на думку американських та українських генералів, саме військові навчання, якими забезпечують Україну не лише американці, але й інші союзники НАТО, є «найважливішою інвестицією».

«Попри те, що основні заслуги належать саме українським солдатам, які були настільки сміливими та захищали Україну на фронті, та я думаю, що навчання допомогли посилити їхні можливості. І я знаю, що наші солдати вражені тим, як Україна змінилася», – сказала вона.

У лютому 2018 року уряд США передав Збройним силам України 2500 приладів нічного бачення ЗСУ на загальну суму 5,8 мільйона доларів.

Оборонний бюджет США на 2018 фінансовий рік передбачає надання Україні 350 мільйонів доларів оборонної допомоги, зокрема і можливість передачі летальної зброї. США розглядає передачу «Джавелінів» як крок посилення обороноздатності України.

За інформацією Міністерства оборони України, починаючи з 2014 року, військово-технічну допомогу «нелетального» характеру Збройним силам країни надали близько 20 держав, включно зі США, Канадою, Чехією, Великою Британією, Німеччиною, Австралією. Лідером за обсягом допомоги є Сполучені Штати. Крім уже згаданих приладів нічного бачення, вони передали Україні броньовані автомобілі Humvee, радіостанції захищеного зв’язку, контрбатарейні радари, системи безпілотних літальних апаратів RQ-11 Raven, медичне обладнання.

Від 2014 року на Донбасі триває збройний конфлікт. Україна і Захід звинувачують Росію у збройній підтримці сепаратистів. Кремль відкидає ці звинувачення і заявляє, що на Донбасі можуть перебувати хіба що російські «добровольці». За даними ООН, за час конфлікту загинули понад 10 тисяч людей.

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France’s Macron: US Role in Syria Vital

French President Emmanuel Macron is heading to the United States for a state visit with President Donald Trump, looking to convince him of the need to keep a U.S. presence in Syria even after the defeat of Islamic State terrorists.

Ahead of his arrival in Washington Monday, Macron told Fox News during an interview at the Elysee Palace in Paris, “We will have to build a new Syria after war. That’s why I think the U.S. role is very important.”

He described the U.S. as “a player of last resorts for peace and multilateralism.”

Trump has said he wants to pull the estimated 2,000 U.S. troops from Syria as soon as possible, even as a week ago he ordered the U.S. military to join France and Britain in launching a barrage of missiles targeting Syrian chemical weapons facilities in response to a suspected Syrian gas attack. Trump’s planned troop withdrawal comes after the fall of Raqqa, IS’s self-declared capital of its religious caliphate in northern Syria.

“I’m going to be very blunt,” Macron said in the interview. “If we leave … will we leave the floor to the Iranian regime and [Syrian President] Bashar al-Assad? They will prepare a new war.”

He said the U.S. and France are allied but that “even Russia and Turkey will have a very important role to play to create this new Syria and ensure the Syrian people decide for the future.”

Macron is set to arrive in Washington on Monday for three days of meetings, a speech in English to Congress, social events and Trump’s first state dinner.

His visit is occurring as an international chemical weapons monitoring group said its team of inspectors has collected samples at the site of the alleged gas attack two weeks ago in the Syrian town of Douma.

The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons said a report based on the findings and other information gathered by the team will be drafted after the samples are analyzed by designated laboratories.

The group added it will “evaluate the situation and consider future steps, including another possible visit to Douma.”

The fact-finding team’s attempts to enter the town were initially postponed for several days due to a series of security-related setbacks.

Emergency responders said at least 40 people were killed in the suspected April 7 gas attack, which the U.S. and its allies blamed on the Assad regime.

The Syrian government has denied using chemical weapons, a violation of international law, and invited inspectors to investigate.

They arrived in Syria on April 14, the same day the U.S., Britain and France launched missiles targeting three chemical weapons facilities in Syria.

Ken Ward, the U.S. ambassador to the OPCW, claimed on April 16 the Russians had already visited the site of the chemical weapons attack and “may have tampered with it,” a charge Moscow rejected.

On April 9, Moscow’s U.N. ambassador told the U.N. Security Council that Russian experts had visited the site, collected soil samples, interviewed witnesses and medical personnel, and determined no chemical weapons attack had taken place.

U.S. military officials have said the airstrikes were designed to send a powerful message to Syria and its backers, showing that the United States, Britain and France could slice through the nation’s air defense systems at will.

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Turkey Opposition OKs Party Switch in Challenge to Erdogan

More than a dozen Turkish opposition lawmakers switched parties Sunday in a show of solidarity as President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s rivals scramble to challenge him in a surprise snap election that could solidify his rule.

A year ago, Erdogan narrowly won a referendum to change Turkey’s form of government to an executive presidency, abolishing the office of the prime minister and giving the president more powers. The change will take effect after the next elections.

 

The snap elections, called for June, caught Turkey off guard and come as the opposition is in disarray as it struggles to put forward candidates and campaign plans. The elections were initially supposed to take place in November 2019.

 

Officials from the pro-secular Republican People’s Party, or CHP, said 15 of its lawmakers would join the Iyi Party. The CHP, which is the main opposition party, said the decision was borne out of “democratic disposition.”

 

The center-right Iyi Party, established last fall, has been facing eligibility issues before the June 24 presidential and parliamentary elections, including not having enough seats in parliament.

 

The Iyi Party, which means “Good Party,” now has 20 lawmakers in parliament, enough to form a political group, satisfying an eligibility requirement. It wasn’t immediately clear if they would be asked to fulfill other requirements, including establishing organizations in half of Turkey’s provinces and completing its general congress, all to be completed six months before voting day.

 

But the party said it had already fulfilled those requirements as well.

 

That timing has posed a challenge after Erdogan agreed Wednesday to hold the elections more than a year ahead of schedule.

 

Iyi Party founder Meral Aksener, a former interior minister, is considered a serious contender against Erdogan and has announced her candidacy. She defected from Turkey’s main nationalist party allied with Erdogan, whose leader Devlet Bahceli called for the early elections.

 

Aksener, 61, can run for the presidency even without her party, if she can get 100,000 signatures from the public.

 

Turkey’s electoral board has yet to announce the presidential candidates and parties eligible to run.

 

 

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Синоптики попереджають про нічні заморозки на півночі України у понеділок

У Сумській та Чернігівській областях у ніч на 23 квітня можливі заморозки, повідомляє Український гідрометцентр. Вдень, однак, за даними синоптиків, повітря прогріється до 12-18 градусів тепла.

«23 квітня в Україні без опадів, лише вдень у східних областях, ввечері і на крайньому заході країни невеликий дощ, подекуди гроза. Вітер переважно північно-західний, 5-10 метрів за секунду», – йдеться у повідомленні.

Із цим погоджується також синоптик Наталія Діденко. За її прогнозом, підморожувати може у Чернігівській, Сумській, Харківській, Луганській областях.

«Вдень у понеділок райська погода триватиме – сонечко, +14+18 градусів, на Заході та Півдні до +20. Прохолодніше буде на Сході, +10+14 градусів.

Щось трохи капне у східних областях, пізно ввечері атмосферний фронт підсуне дощі до західної частини. Ці західні дощі у вівторок охоплять Україну. Але переважно понеділок буде сухим і пожежонебезпечним», – зазначає вона.

За інформацією ДСНС, на більшій частині території України 22-23 квітня переважатиме надзвичайний рівень пожежної небезпеки.

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На зустрічі глав МЗС «Групи семи» говоритимуть про Балуха – Клімкін

Вже понад місяць в окупованому Криму Володимир Балух продовжує оголошене 19 березня безстрокове голодування

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Донецька фільтрувальна станція відновила роботу – Жебрівський

Донецька фільтраційна станція відновила роботу, роботи з інсталяції обладнання тривали з ранку 22 квітня, повідомив у Facebook керівник військово-цивільної адміністрації області Павло Жебрівський.

«Як доповідають мені оперативні служби, станом на тепер вже запустили насоси і наповнюють водою резервуари ДФС. Після цього вода буде закачуватися на Авдіївку – до вечора централізована подача води місту має бути відновлена», – написав Жербівський.

18 квітня підприємство «Вода Донбасу» повідомило про зупинку роботи фільтрувальної станції, внаслідок чого, за його даними, без водопостачання залишились Авдіївка, частково – Донецьк та Ясинувата, а також селище Червоний Партизан, села Крута Балка та Верхньоторецьке.

ДФС розташована на лінії зіткнення між Ясинуватою та Авдіївкою і забезпечує водою близько 300 тисяч споживачів як на підконтрольній, так і на окупованій території Донбасу.

З липня 2014 року Донецька фільтрувальна станція неодноразово опинялася під вогнем, у зв’язку з чим її робота припинялася.

За даними Державної служби статистики на 1 січня 2017 року, населення Авдіївки складає майже 34 тисячі.

 

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Armenian Opposition Leader Arrested

Armenia’s opposition leader was arrested Sunday, hours after the country’s prime minister walked out of a televised meeting between the two.

Opposition politician Nikol Pashinyan was arrested Sunday in the Armenian capital of Yerevan, as he participated in one of the demonstrations that began last week when parliament elected Serzh Sargsyan prime minister after a decade serving as president.

Critics see the move as an attempt by Sargsyan to hold on to power.

Pashinyan has said he would like the demonstrations to be the “start of a peaceful velvet revolution,” a reference to the protests in 1989 that ended communist rule in Czechoslovakia.

About 15,000 people began the rallies Wednesday at Yerevan’s central Republic Square, with some holding posters that read “Make a step and reject Serzh.”  

The meeting Sunday between Sargsyan and Pashinyan was held with the aim of ending continuing anti-government protests.  Sargsyan walked out of the meeting when Pashinyan told him that he came to discuss his resignation, to which the prime minister responded, “This is blackmail.”

Sargsyan was nearing the end of his second and final term as president earlier this year when the country moved from a presidential to parliamentary system, empowering the position of the prime minister, which does not face term limits.  In April, Armenia’s ruling party moved to appoint Sargsyan as prime minister.

 

 

 

 

About 15,000 people began the rallies Wednesday at Yerevan’s central Republic Square, with some holding posters that read “Make a step and reject Serzh.”

 

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Talks in Armenia Break Down

A televised meeting between Armenia’s prime minister and an opposition leader lasted only a few minutes Sunday.

The meeting between Prime Minister Serzh Sargsyan and opposition activist Nikol Pashinyan was held with the aim of ending continuing anti-government protests. The demonstrations began last week when parliament elected Sargsyan prime minister after a decade serving as president.

Opponents of Sargsyan see the move as an attempt by him and his supporters to hold on to power.

Pashinyan told the prime minister, “I came here to discuss your resignation.”

The prime minister said, “This is blackmail,” and walked out.

Pashinyan has said he would like the demonstrations to be the “start of a peaceful velvet revolution,” a reference to the peaceful demonstrations in 1989 that ended communist rule in Czechoslovakia.

Later Sunday, Armenian police said Pashinyan was “forcibly taken” from a protest rally. The police said in a statement, “Despite repeated calls to stop illegal rallies, Pashinyan continued leading a demonstration” in Yerevan, the capital. The statement said that two opposition lawmakers were also “forcibly” removed as riot police dispersed the rally.

About 15,000 people began the rallies Wednesday at Yerevan’s central Republic Square, with some holding posters that read “Make a step and reject Serzh.”

 

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Macron to Give Trump Seedling From World War I Battle Site

French President Emmanuel Macron is bringing an environmentally friendly gift to the White House when he visits President Donald Trump this week: a tree sapling.

The young oak also has historical significance — it sprouted at a World War I battle site that became part of U.S. Marine Corps legend. Macron’s office said Sunday he hopes it will be planted in the White House gardens.

 

The oak sapling grew up near what’s known by the Marines as the Devil Dog fountain, in Belleau Wood. About 2,000 American troops died in the June 1918 Battle of Belleau Wood fighting the German spring offensive.

 

Macron arrives Monday in Washington for the Trump presidency’s first state visit. The two men have an unlikely friendship, despite strong differences on areas such as climate change.

 

 

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Iran Deal, Transatlantic Trade Loom Over Macron Visit

U.S. President Donald Trump will host French President Emmanuel Macron for a state visit next week as the Iran nuclear agreement hangs in the balance, and the expiration of EU’s exemptions from steel and aluminum tariffs nears.

Macron’s visit will be the first state visit of the Trump administration. Over the past year, Macron and Trump have forged an unlikely partnership. U.S. media dubbed the relationship a “bromance” and “one of history’s oddest diplomatic couples.”

“The Trump-Macron relationship is perhaps one of the most unexpected partnerships of the Trump era,” observed Nile Gardiner, director of the Margaret Thatcher Center for Freedom at Heritage Foundation in an interview with VOA. “Clearly, Emmanuel Macron is very different to Trump in many respects ideologically, but the two leaders have formed a very pragmatic working relationship.”

Iran deal​

A senior administration official said the themes of the visit include celebrating the close ties between France and the United States, trade and investment issues, and security concerns, such as combating terrorism and the way forward in Syria.

It is expected that the Iran nuclear deal, or Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), will be front and center of the bilateral discussions. Analysts see Macron’s visit, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s visit to the White House later in the week, as last-minute efforts to save the deal ahead of Trump’s May 12 deadline for the U.S. to pull out of the agreement if the terms are not changed.

A senior administration official told reporters it’s difficult to say the degree of detail the two leaders will go into regarding the Iran accord. He noted the discussions between European allies and the United States are “not quite done yet,” so the timeframe for the president make a decision on the deal will be “mid-May.”

“The president’s three priorities with respect to JCPOA are the sunset clause, the ballistic missile program, and more broadly, Iran’s malign activities throughout the region and throughout the world,” the official said.

Trump has demanded these flaws be fixed in the 2015 deal Iran made with six major powers — the United States, Britain, Germany, France, Russia and China — to curb its nuclear program in exchange for relief from international sanctions that hobbled its economy.

Trump has called the agreement crafted under the Obama administration “the worst deal ever negotiated.” Trump contends Iran would quickly achieve nuclear capability at the end of the 10-year agreement and often assails its current military adventures in Syria, Yemen and Lebanon.

Heritage Foundation expert Gardiner said it will be very interesting to see what Macron has to offer.

“Unless measures are taken to strengthen the deal, the deal should be dropped by the United States. I expect actually that’s what the president is going to do, unless there is a convincing case made by European leaders that Europe is committed to fundamentally strengthen the agreement. We haven’t seen that commitment yet,” he said.

Eric Jones, director of European and Eurasian Studies at Johns Hopkins University, also doesn’t see Trump changing his mind about Iran after meeting with Macron, and he believes the Europeans see that as well.

“They’re hoping to convince the president they are going to introduce their own sanctions outside of the agreement in order to punish Iran for its behavior in Syria and other places, and that will be adequate reasons for the president to continue to waive U.S. sanctions under the deal where it stands. That’s what they want, a short-term achievement, not a long-term change in the president’s perspective,” Jones told VOA.

​US-European trade

Regarding trade, for Macron, extending the steel and aluminum exemption for the EU will be the first priority. A senior administration official said it’s hard to say if there will be any trade announcement following the state visit.

Jones said there are a lot of differences on trade, the most important of which is that Trump’s team hasn’t wrapped its collective mind around the idea that the European Union is a single trading entity.

“President Trump’s team has repeatedly approached not just France, but Germany and other European countries with the eye of making bilateral deals with these countries. Unfortunately, that’s a category error. These countries can’t make bilateral deals with the United States, so I think part of what President Macron is going to try to do, is better to push the conversation forward as a way of suggesting the United States should imagine the European Union as a single trading entity and a bilateral arrangement between the US and EU is what the White House should aspire to achieve,” he noted.

 

WATCH: Trump Rolls Out Red Carpet for French Leader

Macron’s state visit will start Monday with a tour of Mount Vernon and a private couples’ dinner hosted by Trump. Macron and Trump will meet at the White House Tuesday morning for a one-on-one session in the Oval Office, followed by a joint press conference. That evening, Trump will host Macron for a state dinner at the White House. On Wednesday, Macron will address a joint session of Congress.